Sleep apnea is a dangerous condition that, if left untreated, may cause cardiovascular and other health issues. Untreated sleep apnea results in loud snoring and daytime fatigue despite a whole night’s sleep because breathing regularly stops during the night. Sleep apnea is more common in elderly, overweight men, but it may affect anybody.
A significant sleep condition known as sleep apnea occurs when breathing repeatedly stops and resumes during sleep. Loud snoring, fatigue throughout the day, and even heart issues and excessive blood pressure might result from ignoring this condition.
This is not your every day, “primary” snoring. Snoring’s primary causes are congestion in the nose or throat, poor sleeping posture (mainly while lying on one’s back), excess body fat, advanced age, and alcohol or other depressants. While the vibration of soft tissues at the back of the throat causes both primary snorings and sleep apnea-related snoring, those with sleep apnea are more likely to:
- Extremely loud snoring compared to typical snorers
- Let them catch their breath (for over 10 seconds)
- Exhale in short, shallow bursts, or gulp until you almost choke
- Feel agitated
Can Sleep Apnea Be Classified Into Different Subtypes?
You may categorize them into three distinct groups:
The condition is known as obstructive sleep apnea. The most prevalent kind is this one. It occurs when the soft tissue at the back of your throat continually compresses and blocks your airways as you sleep, causing you to wake up gasping for breath. Your diaphragm and chest muscles have to work extra hard to let air in during these episodes. You may start taking rapid, gasping breaths and/or jerking your body. This may disrupt your night’s rest, reduce oxygen to your muscles and brain, and cause irregular heartbeats.
Apnea of the central nervous system during sleep. Your airway won’t close up as quickly if you use this one. Instead, problems in the respiratory control center prevent your brain from sending signals to your muscles to breathe. It has to do with how your brain and spinal cord work together. Those with neuromuscular disorders like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, often known as Lou Gehrig’s disease), those who have had a stroke, and those who have heart failure or other kinds of heart, kidney, or lung illness are at increased risk for developing central sleep apnea.
Syndrome of complex sleep arousal. When both obstructive and central sleep apnea is present, the patient is said to have mixed sleep apnea, also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea.
How Do I Recognize Sleep Apnea?
Obstructive sleep apnea often goes undiagnosed for a long time before symptoms become apparent. Instead, they may wake you up in the night. The most typical symptoms include:
- Experiencing daytime fatigue or drowsiness
- Poor sleep quality or frequent awakenings throughout the night
- Trouble swallowing or dry mouth upon awakening
- awakening from a state of choking or gasping
- Difficulty focusing, forgetfulness, or irritability
- Low mood or anxiety
- Having to get up many times during the night to urinate
- Persistent perspiration throughout the night
- Insufficiency in the sack
What Is The Best Way To Get Rid Of It?
If your doctor diagnoses you with sleep apnea, the severity of your problem will determine the course of therapy they recommend. Adjusting your way of living may be all that’s needed in milder situations. They may suggest you undergo a weight loss program, quit smoking, or get your sinus problems under control (if you have any).
However, your doctor may suggest other remedies if they don’t help or your sleep apnea is moderate to severe.